Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority
SEPTA 2023 New Flyer XDE40 at Broad Street and Oregon Avenue
SEPTA 2023 New Flyer XDE40 at Broad Street and Oregon Avenue
SEPTA "Going Green" Logo, used between 2008 and 2015.
SEPTA “Going Green” Logo, used between 2008 and 2015.


Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, or SEPTA for short, operates bus, trolley, trackless trolley, subway/rapid transit, and commuter rail service in the southeastern part of Pennsylvania. With service to Philadelphia, Montgomery County, Delaware County, and Chester County in PA, as well as Delaware and New Jersey, SEPTA is the largest transportation agency in Pennsylvania and the 6th largest in the United States overall.

Headquarters Location

SEPTA Headquarters is located at 1234 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107

Routes and Service

Between the city of Philadelphia, and it’s surrounding counties (Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery Counties), SEPTA operates over a hundred bus routes, thirteen commuter rail lines under the SEPTA Regional Rail branding, and eight trolley/street car lines, five subway/elevated lines, and an interurban line under the SEPTA Metro branding. Of all the operations, SEPTA’s bus operation is the largest, with the regional rail being the second largest.

SEPTA Bus Operations

SEPTA 701 On Display New Flyer XHE40 Kroc Center, Philadelphia, PA Photo by Bustitution | Transit_Freak
SEPTA 2024 New Flyer XHE40 Kroc Center, Philadelphia, PA Photo by Bustitution | Transit_Freak

City Transit Division routes are routes that operate within the city of Philadelphia. Most bus and trolley routes, as well as all three subway/rapid transit lines, operate within this division. All three trackless trolley lines also operate within this division. Route numbers for bus and trolley routes in this division typically lie within numbers 1-89. Exceptions to this include routes G, H, J, K, L, R, XH, and Boulevard Direct.

All of the routes designated with a single letter or a double letter (XH) are simply carryovers from the old Philadelphia Transit Company (PTC) designator system where letters represented bus routes and numbers represented trolleys.

Obviously, that system has since become obsolete as the only trolley routes in the city transit division today are routes 10, 11, 13, 15, 34, and 36.

The Boulevard Direct is a new bus route meant to operate as a rapid transit line hence being named as such.

SEPTA is undergoing a massive system change with the route system, which aims to replace the current numbering. This system is called the Bus Revolution and will take place starting June, 2025.

Suburban Transit Division routes are routes that operate in Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery Counties. Routes 90-99, 124-125, and 131 operate in Montgomery County. Routes 101-123, 126, and Norristown High-Speed Line operate in Delaware County, and Routes 127-130 and 133 operate in Bucks County. There are a few routes that cross counties such as route 92 which operates in Chester and Montgomery County, route 106 which serves Delaware and Chester County, and so on.

SEPTA Bus Fleet Roster

SEPTA’s Bus Fleet consists of mostly New Flyer Buses, with less than a quarter of the fleet being NovaBus Built, and a small fleet of buses built by Proterra. The best way to learn details and specifics on SEPTA’s fleet such as depot assignments, and exact delivery dates, as well as use an active bus tracking system, it’s best to go on Philadelphia Transit Vehicles.

YearMake/ModelImageEngine/TransmissionFleet NumbersNotes
1970General Motors
T6H-5306A
“Fishbowl”
Detroit Diesel 6v71N/Allison VH-94300 Preserved by SEPTA
Not Used in Revenue Service
1974Flxible
53096-8-1
“New Look”

Detroit Diesel 8v71N/Allison VS2-86569 Preserved by SEPTA
Not Used in Revenue Service
2007-
2008
New Flyer E40LFRSEPTA New Flyer E40LFR 827Cummins QSB800-837 Electric Trolley Bus
2008-
2009
New Flyer DE40LFSEPTA New Flyer DE40LF 8224Cummins ISL
Allison Ep40
8120-8339 currently retiring
being replaced by 2022 order of XDE40s
2010-
2011
New Flyer DE40LFRSEPTA New Flyer DE40LFR 8467Cummins ISL9
Allison H-40 EP
8340-8559 currently retiring
8345 retired
2014-
2015
NovaBus
LFS
40102
SEPTA NovaBus LFS 8611
SEPTA NovaBus LFS 8689 Direct Bus Livery
Cummins ISL9
Allison H-40 EP
8600-8689
8676, 8678, 8682, 8684-8689 Wrapped in Boulevard Direct Livery
2014-
2016
NovaBus
LFS Artic
62102
SEPTA NovaBus ArticCummins ISL9
Allison H-50 EP
7300-7484 Currently being overhauled and refitted with the new Clever Devices system for onboard announcements and displays
2016New Flyer
MD30
“MiDi”
 
SEPTA New Flyer MD30 4614 LUCY LiverySEPTA New Flyer MD30 4634 SEPTA Livery
Cummins ISB
Allison B300R6
4600-4634 4601-4617, and 4633 in LUCY Livery
2016-
2021
New Flyer XDE40
“Xcelsior”
SEPTA New Flyer XDE40Cummins L9
Allison H-40 EP
3000-3524 First buses to be delivered with Clever Devices
2017-
2019
Proterra Catalyst
BE40
SEPTA Proterra Catalyst BE40Electric Bus900-924 First self-propelled battery-electric Buses in service
Currently Sidelined due to issues
2022-2025New Flyer
XDE40
“Xcelsior”
SEPTA XDE40 3540 on Route 47Cummins B6.7
BAE Systems HybriDrive ER
3525-3864 on order
120 option order confirmed, bringing the total new units to 340
2024New Flyer
XHE40
“Xcelsior”
SEPTA XHE40 701Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Bus700-709on order
SEPTA Bus Fleet Roster
SEPTA 280 on the Paoli/Thorndale Line<br>
SEPTA 280 on the Paoli/Thorndale Line

SEPTA Regional Rail

SEPTA also operates commuter rail services known as SEPTA Regional Rail. With Regional Rail, operations are more straightforward. With the exception of the Airport Line, ALL regional rail routes operate from the City of Philadelphia to one of the many suburbs. There are 13 regional rail lines in total, and all of them serve 30th Street Station, and Suburban Station in Center City, Philadelphia.

SEPTA Regional Rail Passenger Fleet Roster

Similar car types are often mixed between married pairs and single cars for EMUs. All Push-Pull trains operate with one locomotive, one cab car, and a mix of trailer cars. For more information is needed on these consists, use Philadelphia Transit Vehicles.

YearMake/ModelImageFleet NumbersNotes
1974-
1976
General Electric
Silverliner IV
IMG_0042.JPG
SEPTA Silverliner IV with Reading Railroad Badging
Married Cars: 101–188,
304–399, 417–460

Single Cars: 276–303, 400–416  
car 276 wears original “SEPTA/Pennsylvania Railroad” badging
cars 280 and 293 wears original “SEPTA/Reading Railroad” Badging
car 304 wears original “SEPTA/Conrail” Badging
car 401 wears original “SEPTA/Penn Central” Badging
1987Bombardier
Comet II
JWC-1
DSC02993.JPGCab Cars: 2401-2408
Trailer Cars: 2501-2525
1999Bombardier
“Shoreliner III”
SEPTA-II
DSC03004.JPG2550-2559 (All trailers)
2010-
2013
Hyundai-Rotem
Silverliner V
DSC02990.JPGSingle Cars: 701-738
Married Cars: 801-882
2018Siemens
ACS-64
4mp_IMG_2340.JPG900-914
SEPTA Regional Rail Fleet Roster

SEPTA Metro

SEPTA operates many subway, elevated, trolley, and light rail lines. Currently, each line is named and labeled based on where they operate. Subway and Elevated lines are named based on the terminus or main streets of the line. Trolley lines are numbered with their original streetcar numbers.

SEPTA Metro is the branding used for all rail-bound rapid transit lines, including trolley/streetcar, light rail, subway, elevated, and interurban services. Each letter/color represents where the trunk lines operate. The lines are as follows:

lines are subway lines that operate via Broad Street in Philadelphia (Currently Broad Street Line and Broad-Ridge Spur)
SEPTA Metro - D Lines lines are trolley lines that operate exclusively in Delaware County (Currently Trolley routes 101 and 102)
lines are trolley lines that operate on Girard Avenue in Philadelphia (Currently route 15)
SEPTA Metro - L Trains lines are elevated lines that operate along what is currently known as the Market-Frankford Line
lines are interurban transit lines that operate into Montgomery County (Currently Norristown High-Speed Line)
SEPTA Metro - T Lines are trolley lines that operate into a tunnel through Center City Philadelphia (Current routes 10, 11, 13, 34, and 36)

Each of the trunk lines have individual lines, represented by numbers, which each operate their own levels of service (e.g. ). The following sections below focus on the individual operations of SEPTA Metro, organized by operations type.

SEPTA Retro Trolley 9000 on Route 34

SEPTA Trolley Operations

SEPTA Metro - D Lines SEPTA Metro - T Lines

SEPTA currently operates the largest streetcar system in the United States, with 8 routes spread out over 68 miles of trackage. The routes are 10, 11, 13, 15, 34, 36, 101, and 102, using their original streetcar/trolley line numbers. Under the New SEPTA Metro re-branding, these routes will be rebranded as follows.

SEPTA Metro - D Lines
Delaware
County
Trolleys
D Lines operate to 69th Street Transit Center, and share a trunk line that parallels Garret Road between 69th Street Transit Center, and Drexel Hill Junction Station

SEPTA Metro - D Lines D1 Route 101 which operates to Orange Street/Media, via Springfield
SEPTA Metro - D Lines D2 Route 102 which operates to Sharon Hill via Clifton/Aldan

Girard
Avenue
Trolleys
G Lines operate via Girard Avenue

Route 15, which operates between Richmond-Westmoreland Loop and 63rd-Girard. This line has trips that operate via Frankford Avenue to Delaware Avenue.
SEPTA Metro - T Lines
Tunnel Trolleys
T Lines operate via the subway surface tunnel through Center City and University City between 40th Street and 13th Street. with the exception of SEPTA Metro - T Lines T1(Route 10) which operates the same tunnel but only between 13th Street and 36th Street in the tunnel.

SEPTA Metro - T Lines T1 Route 10 which operates via Lancaster Avenue to 63rd and Malvern
SEPTA Metro - T Lines T4 Route 11 which operates via Woodland Avenue to Darby Transportation Center
SEPTA Metro - T Lines T3 Route 13 which operates via Chester Avenue to Yeadon or Darby Transportation Center
SEPTA Metro - T Lines T2 Route 34 which operates via Baltimore Avenue to 61st Street
SEPTA Metro - T Lines T5 Route 36 which operates via Elmwood Avenue to 73rd Street or 80th-Eastwick

SEPTA Metro Trolley Roster

On these lines, SEPTA operates a diverse fleet of trolley cars being either built from Kawasaki or rebuilt PCC cars.

YearsMake/ModelImageFleet NumbersUsed on RoutesNotes
1947-
1948
St. Louis Car Co/
Brookville

PCC-II
IMG_0071.jpg2320-2337*
15
Currently not in service
1980-
1981
Kawasaki 
Double Ended LRV
2017-04-01_074_282048x153629.jpg100-128SEPTA Metro - D Lines D1 SEPTA Metro - D Lines D2
101, 102
1980-
1981
Kawasaki
Single-Ended LRV
2017-10-24_021_282048x151529.jpg
9000-9111SEPTA Metro - T Lines T1 SEPTA Metro - T Lines T2 SEPTA Metro - T Lines T3 SEPTA Metro - T Lines T4 SEPTA Metro - T Lines T5
10, 11, 13, 34, 36
9013 long term out of service
9000 wears original 1980s livery
SEPTA Metro Trolley Fleet Roster

Notes:
Following Rebuilds between 2002 and 2004 by Brookville, these cars were renumbered into the 23xx series and designated as “PCC-IIs”

SEPTA Metro Subway, Elevated, and Inter-Urban Rail Operations

M4 Cars leaving 46th St. Station

SEPTA Metro - L Trains

SEPTA also operates five subway, elevated, and interurban transit lines under the “SEPTA Metro” branding. Four of these lines operate within the city of Philadelphia, two operate into Delaware County, and one operates to Montgomery County. The lines that operate within the city of Philadelphia, are named after their primary streets of operation, but the line that operates to Montgomery County is named after the terminus. Under the SEPTA Metro rebranding, these lines will be renamed as follows.


Broad Street
B Lines operate via Broad Street in the Broad Street Subway. All Lines Start at Fern Rock Transit Center, with the exception of most trips on the Broad-Ridge Spur which start at Olney Transit Center.

Broad Street Line Local making all stops between Fern Rock Transit Center and NRG Station at Pattison Avenue
Broad Street Line Express operating to Walnut-Locust Station in Center City, with limited special service to NRG Station at Pattison Avenue
Broad-Ridge Spur which operates to 8th-Market via Ridge Avenue and 8th Street.

SEPTA Metro - L Trains
Market-Frankford
L Lines on the current Market-Frankford Line in Philadelphia, operating between Frankford Transit Center and 69th Street Transit Center via Frankford Avenue, Kensington Avenue, Front Street, and Market Street. The last two, western-most stations on The SEPTA Metro - L Trains Lines (Millbourne, and 69th Street Transit Center) are in Delaware County.

Market-Frankford Line making all stops

Montgomery
County
M Lines operate on a “high-speed” interurban rail line, which runs between 69th Street Transit Center and Norristown Transportation Center via Ardmore, Villanova, and Radnor, and Bryn Mawr. All Stations between Norristown Transit Center and County Line Road Station are in Montgomery County (Hence the name), the rest are in Delaware County

Norristown High Speed Line Local makes all stops.

SEPTA Metro Subway, Elevated, and Interurban Rail Roster

For the most part, rail cars on used on interurban, elevated, and subway lines are built as either single cars or married pairs. Trains that operate on the Broad Street Lines are often mixed, as these are the only two lines that share tracks in the entire system.

YearsMake/ModelImageFleet NumbersRoutes UsedNotes
1981-
1983
Kawasaki Heavy
Metro
B-IV
SEPTA Metro 520 on B2 Express
Single Cars: 501-576

Married Paris: 651-699
Broad Street Line

Broad-Ridge Spur

operates in five car consists on and
operates in two car consists on
1993-
1995
ABB
Metro
N5
SEPTA Metro 138130-155
(all single cars)
Norristown High-Speed Line
operates as double or single car trains
1995-
1999
ADTranz
Metro
M4
SEPTA Metro 1107 on L11001-1032
1035-1220
(All married pairs)
Market Frankford Line
operates in six car consists
multiple units retired
cars 1033 and 1034 were converted to work cars
SEPTA Subway and Elevated Fleet Roster

Sources: